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What is a Medicare Advantage Plan?

Medicare Advantage is a United States health insurance program of managed health care (preferred provider organization (PPO) or health maintenance organization (HMO) that serves as a substitute for “Original Medicare” Parts A and B Medicare benefits.

If you have Original Medicare, the government pays for Medicare benefits when you get them. Medicare Advantage Plans, sometimes called “Part C” or “MA Plans,” are offered by private companies approved, by Medicare. Medicare pays these companies to cover your Medicare.

What do Medicare Advantage Plans cover?

Medicare Advantage Plans must cover all of the services that Original Medicare covers except hospice care. Original Medicare covers hospice care even if you’re in a Medicare Advantage Plan.  In all types of Medicare Advantage Plans, you are always covered for emergency and urgent care.  Medicare Advantage Plans must offer emergency coverage outside of the plan’s service area (but not outside the U.S.).  Many Medicare Advantage Plans also offer extra benefits such as dental care, eyeglasses, or wellness programs.  Most Medicare Advantage Plans include Medicare prescription drug coverage (Part D).  In addition to your Part B premium, you usually pay one monthly premium for the plan’s medical and prescription drug coverage.  Plan benefits can change from year to year.  Make sure you understand how a plan works before you join.

There are the different types of Medicare Advantage Plans:

Health Maintenance Organization (HMO) plans—In most HMOs, you can only go to doctors, other health care providers, or hospitals in the plan’s network, except in an urgent or emergency situation. You may also need to get a referral from your primary care doctor for tests or to see other doctors or specialists.

Preferred Provider Organization (PPO) plans—In a PPO, you pay less if you use doctors, hospitals, and other health care providers that belong to the plan’s network. You usually pay more if you use doctors, hospitals, and providers outside of the network.

Private Fee-for-Service (PFFS) plans—PFFS plans are similar to Original Medicare in that you can generally go to any doctor, other health care provider, or hospital as long as they accept the plan’s payment terms. The plan determines how much it will pay doctors, other health care providers, and hospitals, and how much you must pay when you get care.

Special Needs Plans (SNPs)—SNPs provide focused and specialized health care for specific groups of people, like those who have both Medicare and Medicaid, live in a nursing home, or have certain chronic medical conditions.

HMO Point-of-Service (HMOPOS) plans—an HMO plan that may allow you to get some services out-of-network for a higher copayment or coinsurance.

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